Gov Regd. No: 81255/067/068 Tourism Regd. No.: 1278/067

Nepal

NepalNepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural beauty due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. Land of Lofty Himalayan and deep valleys, fertile Terai and green hills, stumbling rivers and lakes, tropical heat and piercing chill dense forest and vast grasslands, dazzling sunshine and dark caves, torrential rain and prickly sun, colorful merry festival and calm severe meditation, Nepal is the country of extremes. The elevation of the country ranges from 60m above the sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848m all within a distance of 150km with climatic conditions ranging from sub-tropical to arctic. This wild variation fasters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys. Within this spectacular geography are some of the richest cultures of Himalayan heritage. Nepal, home of Mt. Everest is also home of some 23.1 million people belonging to 101 ethnic groups who speak over 92 different languages, most living rural lives in their own little worlds, along the length of the Himalayas. The best way to explore the exotic Himalayan nature and culture of Nepal is by walking through these villages and meeting the charming people. Most diverse contrast found in the small stripe of land with the small stripe of land with average length of 1425 kilometers and average width of 310 kilometers. This, as a whole creates the most congenial environment for bio-diversity. As a result the most beautiful birds of the world, the majestic Tigers mighty elephants, trundling rhinos, death emitting cobras, rare musk deer, snow leopards, Himalayan Panda and many other species co-exist with the amazingly large number of plants varieties. Populated by the people of more than 61 ethnic groups (presently 59) united by the norms and values of the country, the people are famous for their hospitality with the unforgettable greeting Namaste

Climate of Nepal Trek

Autumn (mid-September to end-November)

This is the most popular time to trek. Generally during autumn, the weather is clear with mild to warm days and cold nights. However, in the higher altitude, the nights drop into freezing temperature. In this season, the mountains views are astonishingly clear.

Approach to winter and the mid winter (end-November through March)

It is also possible to trek during winter, from December until the end of February. Daytime temperatures will be cooler; however, the nights will often be very cold. The days are generally clear but occasional winter storms can bring snow as low as 2500m. Early October through late November is also the busiest period for trekking. But in mid  

winter (January through March), trekking is more challenging in the high altitudes with semi-regular snowfall followed by more winter storms, which break the long fine periods. The mid-December to mid-February is the coldest time. As snow gets harder and wind condition remains stabilized in early winter, climbing some of trekking peaks is possible. Climbing Mera peak, Island peak, Chulu, and trekking in Annapurna, Everest, Langtang in early winter have been quite popular over the past few years.


Spring and early summer (mid-March through May)

In the spring, the mornings are usually clear but afternoon cloud build-up brings occasional showers. The days are mix up with warm and rain, which displays wildflowers like rhododendrons. The whole country is lush and an abundant green at this season. This period instigate the second most popular and pleasant trekking season as this is

rice-planting time. Late-march into April is especially beautiful. It is also a good time for climbing as the high passes are usually snow free and the mountain views are still clear in April. Up to May, the weather becomes hazy and disturbed with the clouds.

The monsoon (June to mid-September) 

From June to September, is the monsoon season. Generally the morning is cloudy and cloud wisps form on random ridges and peaks. Trekking at  this time of year is generally difficult and uncomfortable as the weather is hot and it rains almost every day. The trails become muddy and are often leech-infested and the mountains are usually obscured by cloud. During April and May, there is an expectation of thunderstorm, hail shower and strong winds among the fine periods. There are,  however, possibilities for summer trekking in the trans-Himalayan regions of mustang, Dolpo and Tibet. These regions lie in a rain-shadow and therefore receive significantly less precipitation than the more southerly areas.

Fact of Nepal:

Location: Southern Asia, between China (North) and India (South, West, East)
Latitude:
26°22’ N – 80°27’

Longitude:
80°4’ E – 88°12’ E


Area Coverage

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Total Area :
147,181 sq. km

Length: appx. 885 km
Width: appx. 193 km
Total Land: appx. 143,351 sq. Km
Total water: appx. 3,830 sq. Km
Elevation extremes:
Lowest point: 60 m above the sea level (Kanchan Kalan)

Highest point: 8845 m above the sea level (Mt. Everest)

Land Use
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Arable Land:
16.7%
Permanent Crops: 0.85%
Other: 83.08%
Population: 28,563,377 (Bureau Stas. 2009 AD)